Feline Oral Tumors (Squamous Cell Carcinoma)

Feline Oral Tumors (Squamous Cell Carcinoma)

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common oral tumor seen in the feline. SCC accounts for 70% of all oral tumors in the cat and usually occurs in older cats. Oral SCC should be considered in cats with oral swelling, drooling, sudden bad breath, or when a tooth falls out for no apparent reason.

Diagnostics may include detailed examination, dental radiographs (x-rays), and biopsy with histopathology.

There is no cure for squamous cell carcinoma in the cat. Surgery is aimed at removing as much tumor as possible and helping the cat to be more comfortable. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy can help increase survival time a bit. SCC in cats metastasizes (spreads) early and recurrence after surgery is high.

Consultation with a veterinary oncologist is recommended to assess the most recent treatment options.

For more information on cancer in the feline, please visit the Veterinary Society of Surgical Oncology site.